The “Hymn of the Azores” (Portuguese: Hino dos Açores) stands as the revered regional anthem for the Portuguese autonomous region of the Azores. However, it’s crucial to note that during official governmental events, sporting spectacles, and civic ceremonies, the national anthem “A Portuguesa” takes precedence.
The national anthem usually culminates with the conclusion of the fourth stanza in public performances.
|Portuguese original||English translation|
Deram frutos a fé e a firmeza
no esplendor de um cântico novo:
os Açores são a nossa certeza
de traçar a glória de um povo.
Para a frente! Em comunhão,
pela nossa autonomia.
Liberdade, justiça e razão
estão acesas no alto clarão
da bandeira que nos guia.
Para a frente! Lutar, batalhar
pelo passado imortal.
No futuro a luz semear,
de um povo triunfal.
De um destino com brio alcançado
colheremos mais frutos e flores;
porque é esse o sentido sagrado
das estrelas que coroam os Açores.
Para a frente, Açorianos![c]
Pela paz à terra unida.
Largos voos, com ardor, firmamos,
para que mais floresçam os ramos
da vitória merecida.
Bore fruits, faith and strength
in the splendour of a new chant:
the Azores are our certainty
for the glory of a people.
Forward! In communion,
for our autonomy.
Freedom, justice and reason
are kindled in the high light
of the flag that guides us.
Forward! To struggle, to battle
for our immortal past.
In the future to cast the light,
of a triumphant people.
Of a destiny with dignity achieved
we shall pluck more fruits and flowers;
because that is the sacred sense
of the stars that crown the Azores.
For peace united with land.
High flights, with passion, we draw,
so that may flourish the branches
of deserved victory.
The inception of this melodic tribute dates back to the 1890s, a time when fervent aspirations for autonomy enveloped the Azorean archipelago. The composer Joaquim Lima, who was also the director of the Philharmonic Band of Rabo de Peixe, the Filarmónica Progresso do Norte, crafted this anthem. On the 3rd of February, 1894, this tune resounded for the first time as the band performed it, initially named “Hino Popular da Autonomia dos Açores” or “The Popular Hymn of Autonomy for the Azores.”
On that very day, António Tavares Torres, accompanied by a group from Filarmónica Progresso do Norte, introduced the anthem to the public in Ponta Delgada. This occurred as they played for the members of the Autonomous Electoral Commission and subsequently participated in a rally for forthcoming general elections. Noteworthy personalities advocating for autonomy, including Caetano de Andrade and Pereira Ataíde, voiced their support during this rally.
Fast forward to 14th April 1894, when the election of deputies under the Autonomist banner saw a triumphant march through Ponta Delgada’s streets accompanied by the Philharmonic Bands playing the “Hino da Autonomia.” And on the 9th of March 1895, the anthem found its way into the municipal square of Ponta Delgada during a festival marking the promulgation of the 2nd March 1895 Decree, which laid the groundwork for limited autonomy in the Azores.
Initially void of lyrics, Lima’s composition eventually acquired political connotations, leading to the composition of unofficial regional lyrics endorsing local autonomy. The first recognized lyrics emerged as the anthem of the Partido Progressista Autonomista (“Autonomous Progressive Party”), composed by the poet António Tavares Torres.
As the Azores attained legal autonomy, the Regional Government enlisted Azorean poet Natália de Oliveira Correia to pen the official anthem lyrics. Teófilo Frazão’s rendition of the original melody was also adopted as the official anthem version. This momentous event unfolded on 19th May 1979, gaining official sanction on 21st October 1980 as a ceremonial anthem for the Regional Government.
The public debut of the “Hymn of the Azores” in its official version transpired on 27th June 1984, led by students of Colégio de São Francisco Xavier. Amidst the presence of prominent figures including the President of the Azores, this rendition by 600 children, resplendent in blue skirts/pants, white shirts, and yellow handkerchiefs, left an indelible mark.
FAQs from Google’s “People Also Ask”
Q1: When was the “Hymn of the Azores” officially adopted?
A1: The anthem gained official status on 21st October 1980, becoming a ceremonial ode for the Regional Government.
Q2: Who composed the melody of the “Hino dos Açores”?
A2: Joaquim Lima, also the director of the Philharmonic Band of Rabo de Peixe, crafted the anthem’s melodious foundation.
Q3: What role did António Tavares Torres play in the anthem’s history?
A3: António Tavares Torres introduced the anthem to the public and played a crucial role in its early dissemination.
The “Hymn of the Azores” transcends its musical notes; it encapsulates a fervent chapter in the Azorean history, symbolizing aspirations for autonomy and regional identity.
From its early melodies to the lyrical verses that followed, this anthem remains a testament to the resilience and cultural spirit of the Azorean people. As it harmonizes with the larger Portuguese anthem, it unites the essence of a unique region with the broader tapestry of the nation.